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Refrigeration is the process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir, and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir. It is the science of providing and maintaining temperature below that of the surrounding atmosphere. It involves continuous extraction of heat from a body, whose temperature is already below the temperature of its surrounding. Refrigeration has a large impact on industries, lifestyle, agriculture, settlement, and transport of temperature-sensitive goods. It has multiple applications for household refrigerators, industrial freezers, air conditioning, temperature-controlled vehicles and more.
Impact of Refrigerated Vehicles
The introduction of refrigerated vehicles, has immensely contributed to global development in various capacities. It has led to an increased demand for refrigerated vehicles, due to developing cold chain operations, rising per capita income, and changes in food consumption patterns. Some of the notable impacts of refrigerated vehicles include:
- Places that were once thought inhabitable, became fit for human habitation. Refrigerated vehicles are used to supply food and other basic items.
- Availability of new food sourcing, to the entire population. It has led to an improved level of societal nutrition.
- Refrigerated vehicles have helped curb food wastage. Excess food products harvested from one location are preserved and transported to places where demand is high. The ability to store perishable products for an extended period, drastically reduced waste.
- The climate-controlled environment of refrigerated vehicles, ensure seasonal food, all year round. These foods are harvested, frozen and transported in these vehicles, without deterioration.
- Refrigerated vehicles have helped businesses, in the delivery of their perishable products. Food products like eggs, meat, fish and poultry must be kept in a climate-controlled environment during shipment, rather than waiting to be refrigerated after arrival at the grocery store. They also need to be refrigerated, when delivered from the shop to different consumers at home, so they can stay fresh, all through the transit.
How Refrigeration Works In Vehicles
Refrigerated vehicles have the same working mechanism that household refrigerators and freezers do. The only difference is the insulation. A refrigerated van has a much thicker and high quality layer of insulating material, made from a high density polymer foam, which contains miniscule air bubbles. This is mostly because the refrigerated van is outside, and there is a heat generating engine in front of it. The conversion from a normal van to a refrigerated van is done by striping the base vehicle, filling the cavities with foam and insulation, sealing all joints, laminating all of the panels, and fitting the appropriate fridge unit. At Glacier Vehicles, we make use of GAH refrigeration systems. They are durable, well-engineered, efficient and cost effective. Rather than having a connection to a main electricity source, refrigerator vans use a direct drive mechanism that powers the refrigeration compartment, through power generated by the engine. This means it draws electrical power directly from its engine. Despite this, if the van is expected to be stationary for a long period of time, such as vans used for on-site catering, they make use of a separate generator. It helps in keeping the engine alive for longer hours. A refrigerated vehicle uses a refrigeration unit to remove heat from inside the van to keep the produce at the correct frozen or chilled temperature. The unit is made up of three main parts:
- The evaporator: This part has tubes containing cold liquid refrigerant, which absorbs heat from the surrounding air, turning the refrigerant from liquid into low-pressure gas. The gas is then pumped away from the evaporator, together with the absorbed heat.
- The compressor: This part is used to pump the refrigerant into a high pressure gas.
- The condenser: It has outside air blown through it, which removes heat from the refrigerant gas, and turns it back into liquid, to go round the circuit again.
Types of Vehicles That Can Be Used As Refrigerated Vans
Many renowned companies make vehicles that can be used as refrigerated and used vans. At Glacier Vehicles, we have expanded our specialised skills to include different manufacturers, models and designs of vehicles used for fridge or new freezer van conversion. We source for these, vehicles and convert them, according to your unique requirements. If you have your own vehicle, we can add the insulation and refrigeration unit. Once you have your vehicle, whether from our stock or yours, our engineers and technicians will work together with you, to create the perfect interior and exterior design, for your application and objectives. We also add extra accessories, in order to ensure the vehicle is customised to your taste. Vehicles that we recommend for use as refrigeration vans include:
- Mercedes Vito
- Mercedes Sprinter
- Volkswagen Crafter
- Fiat Scudo
- Renault Trafic
- Renault Master
- Vauxhall Vivaro
- Vauxhall Movano
- Nissan NV400
- Citroen Relay
- Citroen Dispatch
- Fiat Ducato
- Ford Custom
- Ford Transit
- Peugeot Boxer
- Peugeot Expert
- Iveco Daily
Why Choose Glacier Vehicles for Your Refrigeration Vehicles?
At Glacier Vehicles, we provide both new and used refrigerated vans and trucks, for an extensive variety of applications. We are confident in our ability, to meet your refrigeration transport requirements exactly. We take time to listen to your needs, and bring you a range of options, based on your demands and budget. When the entire process is done, we can deliver the finished new refrigerated van straight to your door, anywhere in the UK. To further facilitate your purchase, you can access our flexible payment options and financing solutions. Be rest assured that we have an accommodating finance solution that matches your unique requirements. This will help you spread the cost of your purchase over months or years, while you enjoy possession and use of your van. We can also advise you regarding insurance, motor vehicle tax and VAT, and whether a diesel or petrol engine will be more cost-effective, for your business operations. Visit us at our office in Surrey, or give us a call on 0208 668 7579. We would be happy to provide you with a free, no-obligation quote.