Cargo (or freight) is goods or produce transported, generally for commercial gain, by ship or aircraft, although the term is now extended to intermodal train, van or truck. In modern times, containers are used in most long-haul cargo transport.
Refrigerated Transport Cargo
Refrigerated transport is a range of vehicles designed to carry perishable, temperature-sensitive cargo. These items need to be transported at specific temperatures, which must be maintained throughout the journey to guarantee their integrity. Refrigerated trucks accomplish this through inbuilt refrigeration mechanisms and insulation.
What Type of Cargo Will Your Refrigerated Transport Be Hauling?
There are many types of goods and items that need to be transported at cool, or sometimes freezing, temperatures. Some you can expect to see are:
- Frozen foods: This is the more commonly known cargo of reefer trucks. To avoid spoilage, many types of food must be transported at cold or freezing temperatures. Various types of meat, vegetables, fruits, and eggs require special refrigeration in their transportation.
- Cosmetic Products: Many cosmetic products are fragile and can be easily ruined if it is too hot or cold outside. These require particular transportation that can be regulated to preserve them.
- Tobacco Products: This is a lesser known cargo of refrigerated trucks. Maintaining freshness in products such as cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco, requires transportation at certain degrees.
- Vintage Items: Antiques often need to be kept within a specific temperature range, and at a particular, usually low, humidity. This must be done to preserve and protect them from outside elements, that might cause further decay.
- Chemical Products: There are a lot of chemicals that become volatile or change their nature when exposed to certain temperatures. For these chemicals, it is important that transportation is done with refrigerated trucks, that can maintain and control temperature through the journey.
Practices to Observe in Loading Cargo
Cargo particular to refrigerated trucks requires specific care and handling. Here are a few tips that you should always try to keep in mind.
- Truck Assessment and Maintenance: As often as possible, the truck should be checked over to ensure that all its parts are running correctly. The refrigerating unit, container doors, engine, and everything else should be looked over, and repaired, when necessary. The cargo area should be regularly cleaned to minimise the risk of contaminants spreading.
- Loading Temperature: The refrigerated truck exists to maintain the temperature of the goods, and not to create a new temperature itself. As such, it is important to ensure that the goods are at the appropriate temperature at pre-loading.
- Quick and Efficient Loading: Loading should be done in a quick and efficient manner, to avoid improper thermal changes to the cargo or the truck. If possible, loading should be planned out beforehand.
- Secure Goods: Cargo should be arranged in a way that minimises the risk of damage. When necessary, they should be secured with belts or ropes.
In today’s world, many industries and businesses require goods to be transported in a temperature specific manner, creating a whole new set of opportunities for an enterprising individual. You mustn’t miss out on these, as they are likely the thing that moves your business to the next stage. So, go and get your own refrigerated truck, and see for yourself the benefits of this investment.