Cylinder (engine)

A cylinder is the central working part of a reciprocating engine or pump, the space in which a piston travels. Multiple cylinders are commonly arranged side by side in a bank, or engine block, which is typically cast from aluminum or cast iron before receiving precision machine work. Cylinders may be sleeved (lined with a harder metal) or sleeveless (with a wear-resistant coating such as Nikasil).

How Many Cylinders Does your Refrigerated Van Have?

Most vans have four, six, or eight cylinders. Cars with four cylinders are straight-four engines, six cylinders are V6 engines, and eight cylinders are V8. Refrigerated vans that have four cylinders are common with cans that have a 2.4-litre engine. V6 engines are either at an acute angle or designed with a similar design to four cylinders, but with two extra cylinders. The same applies to the V8 engine, with straight-eights mounted left or right.

To determine the number of engines in your temperature-controlled cooling van, find out the number of spark plug wires connected to the cylinders.

The steps include:

  • Opening the hood
  • The spark plug ignites fuel by means of an electric spark into a motive power. You’ll find the plug on either side, or at the top, of the engine.
  • Count the spark plugs
  • Check for numbering on the cylinders

The Mercedes Benz Refrigerated Sprinter Van: comparing four-cylinder vs six cylinder

There isn’t much you can’t accomplish with your sprinter cooling van. It is powered by two turbo diesel engines, that can carry 5,000 pounds without a hassle. The 4-cylinder engine features a 161 hp and 265 lb-ft of torque. The V6 is similar but saves 18% in fuel costs. The V6 is also more powerful, and produces 325 lb-ft of torque.

What are the differences between 4-cylinders and a V6 engine?

V6 engines are configured in a V shape, while 4-cylinders are designed with inline or straight configurations.  Many UK logistic companies, that need freezer vans for distribution, prefer V6 engines because they are quiet, powerful, light, and compact. They also fit easily into most cars. However, with rising concerns about the negative environmental impact of the freezer, many automobile companies are building 4-cylinder fridge vans with lower emissions and fuel efficiency.

Today, automakers are also working hard to design V6 engines with improved performances, emission standards, and gas-mileage, that mirrors the 4-cylinder engines are known for. If you’re a startup looking for a budget purchase, the V4 is the car for you. If you have a decent budget, buying a refrigerated van with a V6 engine would help you accomplish more.

Do the number of cylinders affect the efficiency of the engine?

Engines in refrigerated vans have a different number of cylinders and sizes, it all depends on the weight of the work the engine performs, and the size of the vehicle. Engines also affect fuel mileage and performance. Each cylinder is designed to produce its own power and, when combined, they produce more power. The efficiency of an engine is dependent on your driving habits, engine maintenance, the load on the engines, city or motorway driving and terrain. Refrigerated vehicles that have more cylinders last longer under severe driving conditions.

The effect of increasing the number of cylinders in your car?

Increased engine displacement: The volumetric efficiency might change depending on speed, so it doesn’t guarantee more power or torque. There is a tradeoff between the amount of go-juice in each cylinder, and the number of cylinders.

Increased rotational mass: The engine has more crank pins, connecting rods, and valves to rotate. The engine operates at a lower engine speed because it’s moving more mass around.

Longer crankshaft: Adds to higher rotational mass and lowers engine speed.

Ready to buy a new or used refrigerated van with a V4 or V6 cylinder for your transportation business?

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